HYRAIL

LOS ANGELES (Activated)  Elevated

LOS ANGELES (Activated)

Elevated

Cost per Mile
$120-$200m
Construction: Light

Vehicles
Top Speed: 125 mph
Capacity: 1,800-High

Power/Propulsion
3rd Rail
Linear Induction Motor

Non-Friction Based
Flange-less Steel Wheels

Environmental Impact
Eminent Domain: Low
Noise Level: Low

Vehicle Dynamics
Hill Climbing: ✅10%
Turning Radius: Small

Weight: Very Light
Automated: YES

Engineered & Best Utilized:

Elevated above grade at about $200 million per mile and is flexible with stations either 2 miles apart or greater to use its >100 mph speeds or with stations 1/2-1 Mile apart with low operating costs.

HEAVY RAIL

LOS ANGELES RED LINE  Subway

LOS ANGELES RED LINE

Subway

Cost per Mile
$500m
Construction: Heavy

Vehicles
Speed (Top/Avg): 70/30 mph
Capacity: 1,080-High

Power/Propulsion
3rd Rail
Electric Motor

Friction Based
Steel Wheels

Environmental Impact
Eminent Domain: Med-High
Noise Level: Med-High

Vehicle Dynamics
Hill Climbing: ❌3.5%
Turning Radius: Large

Weight: Heavy
Automated: NO

Engineered & Best Utilized:

Grade separated in dense corridors at grade or below at $500 million per mile with stations 3/4-1 Mile apart.

LIGHT RAIL

LOS ANGELES EXPO LINE  (a)Surface (b)Elevated (c)Below Grade

LOS ANGELES EXPO LINE

(a)Surface (b)Elevated (c)Below Grade

Cost per Mile
(a)$125m (b)$+300m (c)$500m
Construction: Med/Heavy

Vehicles
Speed (Top/Avg): 65/18 mph
Capacity: 540-Medium

Power/Propulsion
Overhead Catenary
Electric Motor

Friction Based
Steel Wheels

Environmental Impact
Eminent Domain: Med-High
Noise Level: Med

Vehicle Dynamics
Hill Climbing: ❌3.5%
Turning Radius: Medium

Weight: Med-Heavy
Automated: NO

Engineered & Best Utilized:

At Grade and flexible in interactions with pedestrians and cars at $125 million per mile with stations 1/2-1 Mile apart for transit oriented/transit dense walk-able streets.

MONORAIL

LAS VEGAS MONORAIL  Elevated

LAS VEGAS MONORAIL

Elevated

Cost per Mile
$120-$200m
Construction: Light

Vehicles
Speed (Top/Avg): 50/17 mph
Capacity: 480-Low-Med

Power/Propulsion
3rd Rail
Electric Motor

Friction Based
Rubber Tires

Environmental Impact
Eminent Domain: Low
Noise Level: Low

Vehicle Dynamics
Hill Climbing: ✅6%
Turning Radius: Small

Weight: Light
Automated: YES

Engineered & Best Utilized:

Elevated above grade at about $200 million per mile in dense corridors with stations 1/4-3/4 Miles apart.